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GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, FORESTS AND CLIMATE CHANGE
LOK SABHA
UNSTARRED QUESTION NO: 865
ANSWERED ON:  23.07.2021
Air Pollution
Rodmal Nagar
Will the Minister of



ENVIRONMENT, FORESTS AND CLIMATE CHANGE be pleased to state:-


(a) the names of cities in the country which are mostpolluted in respect of air pollution;
(b) whether the Government has conducted any study to ascertain the number of untimely deaths being caused by air pollution in various parts of countryduring the last three years;
(c) if so, the year-wise and State-wise details thereofand if not, the reasons therefor;
(d) whether intensity of air pollution has furtherincreased in various polluted cities of the country;
(e) if so, the city-wise details of such pollution in the cities during the last three years along with thereasons therefor; and
(f) the corrective measures taken by the Governmentin this regard?


ANSWER
MINISTER OF STATE IN THE MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, FOREST AND CLIMATE CHANGE
(SHRI ASHWINI KUMAR CHOUBEY)

(a)
Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) has identified 124 Non-attainment citiesbased on air pollution levels exceeding National Ambient Air Quality Standards continuously for five years (2014-19).

(b) and (c)
There is no conclusive data available to establish a direct correlation of death/disease exclusively due to air pollution. Air pollution is one of the many factors affecting respiratory ailments and associated diseases. Health is impacted by a number of factors which includes food habits, occupational habits, socio-economic status, medical history, immunity, heredity, etc., of the individuals apart from the environment.

(d) to (f)
The analysis of Air Quality data of non-attainment cities indicate that majority of cities shows overall improvement of Air Quality in 2020 compared to 2018. The city-wise annualAir Quality data is annexed.
The Government has taken several steps for mitigation of air pollution which interalia includes the following:
a) Leapfrogging from BS-IV to BS-VI norms for fuel and vehicles from 1stApril, 2020.
b) Network of Metro rails for public transport are enhanced and more cities are covered.
c) Development of Expressway and Highways are also reducing the fuel consumption and pollution.
d) Introduction of cleaner/alternate fuels like CNG, LPG, ethanol blending in petrol.
e) Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Electric Vehicles (FAME) -2 scheme has been rolled out.
f) Shifting of Brick kilns to zig-zag technology for reduction of pollution.
g) Industrial units shifting to PNG.
h) Pradhan MantriUjjwalaYojanais promoting use of cleaner household cooking fuels.
i) A new initiative,“Sustainable Alternative Towards Affordable Transportation (SATAT), is launched to set up 5000 Compressed Bio-Gas (CBG) production plants and make CBG available in the market for use in automotive fuels.
j) Installation of on-line continuous monitoring devices in highly polluting industries.
k) Setting up infrastructure such as waste processing plants.
l) Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) for plastic and e-waste management.
m) Ban on burning of biomass/garbage.
n) Under Central Sector Scheme on ‘Promotion of Agricultural Mechanization for in-situ management of Crop Residue in the States of Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and NCT of Delhi’, agricultural machines and equipment for in-situ crop residue management are promoted with 50% subsidy to the individual farmers and 80% subsidy for establishment of Custom Hiring Centres.
o) The Central Government launched National Clean Air Programme (NCAP) as a long-term, time-bound, national level strategy to tackle the air pollution problem across the country in a comprehensive manner with targets to achieve 20 % to 30 % reduction in Particulate Matter concentrations by 2024.
p) ? 376.5 crores have been sanctioned to non-attainment cities under NCAP for initiating actions such as expansion of monitoring network, construction and demolition waste management facilities, non-motorised transport infrastructure, green buffers, mechanical street sweepers, composting units etc.
q) As per the Fifteenth Finance commission recommendations ?4400 crores have been released in the Budget of FY 2020-21 to tackle the burgeoning problem of air pollution for 42 urban centres with a million-plus population. Further, an amount of ?12,139 crores has been allocated for improvement of air quality for the award period FY 2021-26.
r) City Specific Action plans for improvement of air quality has been prepared and approved for implementation.
s) Implementation of the city specific action plans are regularly monitored by Committees at Central and State level namely Steering Committee, Monitoring Committee and Implementation Committee.
t) Technical and scientific institutes of repute are working as knowledge partners to NCAP

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