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GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, FORESTS AND CLIMATE CHANGE
LOK SABHA
UNSTARRED QUESTION NO: 2020
ANSWERED ON:  30.07.2021
Graded Action Plan to Control Air Pollution
Sandhya Ray
Krishna Pal Singh Yadav
Will the Minister of



ENVIRONMENT, FORESTS AND CLIMATE CHANGE be pleased to state:-


(a) the details of cities and regions where air pollution is reportedly showing rising trend along with the main reasons for deterioration in air quality;
(b) whether the Environment Pollution Control and Prevention Authority is implementing the graded action plan to tackle pollution level in various cities of the country; and
(c) if so, the details thereof?


ANSWER
MINISTER OF STATE IN THE MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, FOREST AND CLIMATE CHANGE
(SHRI ASHWINI KUMAR CHOUBEY)

(a):The analysis of air quality data of 132 cities indicates that majority of cities are showing improvement in air quality as compared to 2019-20.

Ambient air quality data of PM10 of 36 cities showed an increase of PM10 concentration in 2020-2021 as compared to 2019-2020 whereas 96 cities has a decreasing trend (i.e improvement in air quality).

18 cities were found to be within the prescribed National Ambient Air Quality in 2019-20 which has increased to 27 in year 2020-21. The comparative air quality data of 132 cities is given at Annexure-I.

(b)and (c): The Government has notified a Graded Response Action Plan (GRAP) for Delhi and NCRand Environment Pollution (Prevention & Control) Authority (EPCA) for the National Capital Region (NCR) was intrusted for its implementation. The Commission for Air Quality Management in National Capital Region and Adjoining Area has been constituted through promulgation of an Ordinance No. 4 of 2021. With this Ordinance, the Order made under section 3 of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 constituting the EPCA for the NCR vide notification number S.O. 93(E), dated the 29th January, 1998 is repealed and the EPCA for the NCR is dissolved. GRAP comprises measures such as prohibition on entry of trucks into Delhi; ban on construction activities, introduction of odd and even scheme for private vehicles, shutting of schools, closure of brick kilns, hot mix plants and stone crushers; shutting down of Badarpur power plant, ban on diesel generator sets, garbage burning in landfills and plying of visibly polluting vehicles etc. The nature, scope and rigor of measures to be taken is linked to levels of pollution viz. Severe + or Emergency, severe, Very Poor, Moderate to Poor and Moderate, after due consideration by authorities concerned.

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