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ANSWERED ON:  02.08.2021
Liquid Medical Oxygen Supply by Steel sector
Kotagiri Sridhar
Ranjeetsinha Hindurao Naik-Nimbalkar
P.P. Chaudhary
Manne Srinivas Reddy
Chinta Anuradha
Beesetti Venkata Satyavathi
Goddeti Madhavi
Kuruva Gorantla Madhav
Geetha Viswanath Vanga
M V V Satyanarayana
Arjunlal Meena
Kotha Prabhakar Reddy
Magunta Sreenivasulu Reddy
Komati Reddy Venkat Reddy
Manoj Kumar Tiwari
Will the Minister of

STEEL be pleased to state:-

(a) the details of total capacity of public sector and private sector steel companies in production of oxygen especially Liquid Medical Oxygen (LMO) in country during the last three years;
(b) whether the public sector plants provided LMO during the second wave of pandemic and if so, the details of quantities supplied by the public as well as the private sector plants along with their capacity;
(c) whether the steel production is bound to get impacted since the oxygen used in making of steel is diverted for medical usage and if so, the details thereof since Covid-19 pre and post situation plant-wise;
(d) the details of supplying oxygen daily for Covid use, State-wise and loss incurred by steel industry/companies so far;
(e) the measures taken to increase production of LMO in the country in general as well as specifically by public sector and also technical and other policy interventions brought to ease growing demand of LMO; and
(f) the details of impact created through transportation of LMO from the production sites?


(a) The details of total capacity of production of Liquid Medical Oxygen (LMO) of public and private sector steel companies during the last three years are as follows:-

(in tonnes per day)
Year 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
Total Capacity 2492 2494 2748 4102


-: 2 :-

(b) During the second wave of pandemic, the public and private sector steel plants together supplied 230262 tonnes of LMO between 1st April – 25th July, 2021. The plant-wise details in this regard are given in Annexure-I.

(c)to(e): During peak of the second wave, steel sector had enhanced the LMO production considerably. As against 538 MT of LMO supplied on 1st April, 2021, the supply of LMO peaked to 4749 MT on 13th May, 2021. State-wise details of LMO supplied during April-July, 2021 are given in Annexure-II. Measures taken by the steel plants to increase production of LMO in the country included the following:-

(i) Reduced production of liquid Nitrogen and Liquid Argon.

(ii) Reduced usage of gaseous oxygen thereby reducing steel produced.

The enhanced production of LMO by reducing usage of gaseous oxygen led to reduced production of steel by about 500,000 tonnes during the period April-June, 2021.

(f) The LMO produced in steel plants were supplied to 22 states/UTs as indicated in Annexure-II utilizing transportation modes of road, Oxygen express (Railways) and transport aircrafts of the Air Force.


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