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GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, FORESTS AND CLIMATE CHANGE
LOK SABHA
UNSTARRED QUESTION NO: 2963
ANSWERED ON:  21.03.2022
Tiger Reserve Forest
Anubhav Mohanty
Will the Minister of



ENVIRONMENT, FORESTS AND CLIMATE CHANGE be pleased to state:-


(a) the number of Tiger Reserve Forests in the Country along with the number of Tigers;
(b) whether all the Tiger Reserve Forests fulfill the criteria fixed to be declared as Tiger Reserve Forest; and
(c) the number of forests going to be declared as Tiger Reserve Forests and the manner in which the Government proposes to rehabilitate the inhabitants of such areas for them to continue earning their livelihood?


ANSWER
MINISTER OF STATE IN THE MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, FOREST AND CLIMATE CHANGE
(SHRI ASHWINI KUMAR CHOUBEY)

(a) There are 51 tiger reserves spread over 18 tiger range States. The quadrennial All India Tiger Estimation Exercise which assesses the Status of Tigers, Co-predators and Prey using robust scientific methodology, has shown that the tiger number has increased as per the latest estimation done in 2018, with an estimated number of 2967 (range 2603-3346) as compared to 2014 estimation of 2226 (range 1945-2491). As per Report of Status of Tigers, Copredators and Prey in India, 2018, the population estimates of tigers in tiger reserves for the year 2018-19 are at Annexure-I & II.

(b) Yes, Sir. Tiger reserves are declared following due process as per norms and fulfillment of conditions as per section 38 of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

(c) Approval of National Tiger Conservation Authority has been accorded to Sunabeda Wildlife Sanctuary, MM Hills Wildlife Sanctuary, Ramgarh Vishdhari Wildlife Sanctuary and Guru Ghasidas National Park & Tamor Pingla Wildlife Sanctuary for declaration as Tiger Reserve. In-principle approval has been given by the National Tiger Conservation Authority to Ratapani Wildlife Sanctuary, Dibang Wildlife Sanctuary and Kaimur Wildlife Sanctuary for declaration as Tiger Reserve. The Government of India through ongoing Centrally Sponsored Scheme of Project Tiger provide funding support for voluntary village relocation and rehabilitation of people from core areas of Tiger Reserves apart from facilitating convergence with other schemes of Government departments ensuring alternate livelihood support.

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