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GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
MINISTRY OF HEALTH AND FAMILY WELFARE
LOK SABHA
STARRED QUESTION NO: 296
ANSWERED ON:  05.08.2022
Cases of Anaemia among Children
Ram Kripal Yadav
Dinesh Chandra Yadav
Will the Minister of



HEALTH AND FAMILY WELFARE be pleased to state:-



(a) whether the Government has taken cognizance of the report of the National Family Health Survey-5 which indicates an increase of nine per cent in cases of anaemia among children aged 6 months to 5 years, if so, the details thereof;

(b) whether the number of such children is at an alarming level in States like Gujarat, Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Maharashtra, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, Delhi and West Bengal;

(c) whether the Government proposes to take any specific steps in this regard; and

(d) if so, the details thereof?


ANSWER
THE MINISTER OF HEALTH AND FAMILY WELFARE
(DR MANSUKH MANDAVIYA)


(a) to (d) A Statement is laid on the Table of the House.












STATEMENT REFERRED TO IN REPLY TO LOK SABHA
STARRED QUESTION NO. 296* FOR 5TH AUGUST, 2022

(a) & (b): As per the fifth round of National Family Health Survey (NFHS) conducted by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW) during the year 2019-21, the prevalence of anaemia among children aged 6 months to 5 years is 67.1 percent as compared to 58.6 percent in NFHS-4, (2015-16). State/UT-wise prevalence of anaemia among children aged 6 months to 5 years as per NFHS-4 and NFHS-5 is given at Annexure.

(c)& (d): The Government of India implements Anaemia Mukt Bharat (AMB) strategy under POSHAN Abhiyaan with the target of reducing anaemia in the six population groups - Children (6-59 months); Children (5-9 years); Adolescents girls and boys (10-19 years); Pregnant women; Lactating women and Women of Reproductive Age (WRA) group (15-49 years) in life cycle approach. Some of the major interventions by the MoHFW to address anaemia under AMB include:
• Prophylactic Iron and Folic Acid Supplementation.
• Deworming.
• Intensified year-round Behaviour Change Communication (BCC) Campaign and delayed cord clamping.
• Testing of anaemia using digital methods and point of care treatment.
• Addressing non-nutritional causes of anaemia in endemic pockets with special focus on malaria, hemoglobinopathies and fluorosis.
• Convergence and coordination with line department and other ministries.
• Engaging National Centre of Excellence and Advanced research on Anaemia Control for capacity building of health care providers.
• Monitoring progress in States/UTs using Anaemia Mukt Bharat Dashboard.

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