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GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
MINISTRY OF COMMERCE AND INDUSTRY
LOK SABHA
UNSTARRED QUESTION NO: 880
ANSWERED ON:  19.07.2002
PRODUCTION OF TOBACCO
TRILOCHAN KANUNGO
Will the Minister of



COMMERCE AND INDUSTRY be pleased to state:-




(a) the area, production and productivity of different varieties of tobacco along with the number of farm holidays during each of the last three years, State-wise and variety-wise;

(b) whether the tobacco growers are not getting remunerative prices for their produces;

(c) if so, the steps being planned to provide tobacco growers with remunerative prices;

(d) whether minimum support prices fixed by the Government for different varieties of tobacco are much less than the cost of production of tobacco for which Tobaco Board has been taking resort to minimum guarantee prices;

(e) if so, the amount of minimum support price, minimum guarantee price and actual prices available to the growers during each of the last three years;

(f) whether Tobacco Board is looking after various stages from production to auction of all varieties of tobacco;

(g) if so, the details thereof;

(h) whether Tobacco Board has any regional office in Orissa;

(i) if not, whether the Board is considering to open its Regional Branch in Orissa; and

(j) if so, the details thereof?


ANSWER
THE MINISTER OF STATE IN THE MINISTRY OF COMMERCE AND INDUSTRY (SHRI RAJIV PRATAP RUDY)

(a): The data on the area, production and productivity on various varieties of tobacco is attached. The data on Flue Cured Virginia (FCV) tobacco is for the years 1999-2000, 2000-01 and 2001-02 while that on non-FCV tobacco is for 1997-98, 1998-99 and 1999-2000.

(b) & (c) : Producers of Flue Cured Virginia (FCV) tobacco are generally getting remunerative prices for their produce, with the average price realisation being higher than the Minimum Support Prices (MSP) fixed by Government. Government, through the Tobacco Board, attempts to help the growers get remunerative prices through steps like regulating production, conduct of auctions, monitoring of purchases by the domestic manufacturers and exporters etc.

(d): An MSP is announced every year for FCV tobacco alone. This MSP is fixed on the basis of the recommendations of the Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices, which takes into account all relevant factors before submitting its report. In addition, the interests of the growers are safeguarded through the mechanism of the Minimum Guaranteed Price (MGP), a negotiated price fixed by the Tobacco Board after consultation with the traders and growers.

(e): Details of MSP, MGP and average price realised over the past three years are as follows :


Year			MSP		MGP			Average Price
			Andhra 	Karnat	Andhra	Karnataka
			Pradesh		Pradesh
1999-2000 F2-25L2-27	29.50 	- 	36	39.50		32.13		42.07
2000-01	  F2-26L2-28	- 	#		-		-		55.04
2001-02	  F2-27L2-29	29.50 	- 	36	40.50		34.17+		38.31


# Crop Holiday + Auction in progress in A.P. Source : Tobacco Board, Guntur



(f) & (g): The production, curing and auction of FCV tobacco is subject to control by the Tobacco Board. The Board fixes the crop size for each State, registers growers and curers and conducts auctions at which registered manufacturers, dealers and exporters participate.

(h)-(j): No, Sir. The Tobacco Board does not have any regional office in Orissa. There is no proposal at present for opening an office in that State.


Flue Cured Virginia Tobacco

(Area in 000 hectares; Production in M.Kgs.; Productivity in Kgs. per hectare)
State 1999-2000 2000-01 2001-02
Area Prod Produc- Area Prod Produc- Area Prod Productivity tivity tivity tivity
Andhra Pradesh 128.2 134.24 1046 - - - 87.34 114.73 1313 Karnataka 51.9 45.21 869 40.0 41.98 1049 41.6 57.68 1384 Maharashtra 0.1 0.12 1008 - - - 0.1 0.11 982 Orissa 0.3 0.50 1449 0.4 0.72 1545 0.4 0.76 1577
Source: Tobacco Board, Guntur
Non-Flue Cured Virginia Tobacco
(Area in 000 hectares; Production in M.Kgs.; Productivity in Kgs. per hectare)
State 1999-2000 2000-01
Area Production Productivity Area Production Productivity
Andhra Pradesh 42.6 59.8 1404 13.0 29.9 2300 Assam 1.0 1.0 1000 1.3 0.6 462 Bihar 17.4 17.6 1011 17.4 17.6 1011 Gujarat 110.6 103.7 87.8 148.6 Maharashtra 9.2 11.0 1196 8.1 8.1 1000 Orissa 7.4 4.6 622 4.0 2.0 500 Tamil Nadu 7.7 11.9 1545 5.9 9.2 1559 U.P. 18.1 126.5 6989 21.7 148.9 6862 West Bengal 11.0 6.2 566 10.4 5.5 529
Source: Department of Agriculture and Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture

Non-Flue Cured Virginia Tobacco
(Area in 000 hectares; Production in M.Kgs.; Productivity in Kgs. per hectare)

Variety 1997-98 1998-99 1999-2000
Area Prod Produc- Area Prod Produc- Area Prod Produc- tivity tivity tivity
Natu 45 50 1111 42.80 61 1425 29.80 37.70 1265 Bidi 135.10 204.10 1512 140.20 127.90 912 136.70 125.90 921 Hookah 35.20 64.40 1830 69.50 165,.60 2383 66.60 158.40 2378 Cigar & Cheroot 8.50 11.30 1329 10.60 23.90 2255 8.80 20.30 2307 Chewing 51 139.20 2729 52.40 150.40 2870 47.30 128.40 2715 Snuff 8.20 9.30 1134 9.60 20.20 2104 7.80 16.90 2167
Source: Directorate of Tobacco Development, Chennai

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