MUHAMMAD ISMAIL, SHRI M., (Muslim League) Kerala-Manjeri—1971, Son of Maulavi K. T. Miakhan Rowther; b. at Tirunelveli Patai, Madras, June 5, 1896; ed. at C.M.S. College, Hindu College, St. Joseph's College, Tiruchirapalli and Madras Christian College, Madras; m. Shrimati Janaba Jamal Hameeda Bi, November, 1923; 1 s.; Businessman; Ex-Member, (1) Madras Port Trust Board; (2) Board of Industries, Madras; (3) Madras Provincial Marketing Board; (4) Madras Excise Licensing Board; (5) South India Railway Advisory Committee; (6) Indian Council of Agricultural Research (Hides and Skins Section); (7) Hides Cess Enquiry Committee; (8) Mica Enquiry Committee; (9) Industrial Planning Committee (Government of Madras); (10) South India Chamber of Commerce and Industry (once Vice-President of the Chamber); (11) Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry; (12) Court of Aligarh Muslim University; Ex-Chairman, Leather and Leather Goods Committee (Government of Madras); Ex-Secretary (Honorary) and later Vice-President of the Southern India Skin and Hide Merchants Association, Madras; President, Madras State Mutton Dealers' Chamber since 1946; President, Indian Union Muslim League, since 1948 and Tamilnad State Muslim League, since 1945; Member, (1) Madras Legislative Assembly and Leader of the Opposition, 1946—52; (2) Madras Public Accounts Committee (later its Chairman); (3) Constituent Assembly, 1948—50; (4) Rajya Sabha, 1952-58; (5) Third Lok Sabha, 1962—67 and (6) Fourth Lok Sabha 1967—70.
Social activities.—Started Young Muslim Society in Tirunelveli Petai in 1909; was instrumental in establishing Majlis-ul-Ulama in 1918; Vice-president, Muslim Educational Association of Southern India for the last twenty years; Ex-Vice-President, Anjuman Himayat-e-Islam; Founder-Member of the Tamil Valarchi Kazhagam, Madras.
Hobbies.—Gardening and horticulture.
Favourite pastime and recreation.—Reading books on philosophy, history, astronomy, people and their lands.
Special interests.—Education, educational institutions and orphanages.
Travels abroad.—Burma, Malaysia, Ceylon and Saudi Arabia.
Permanent address.—Daya Manzil, Chromepet, Madras-44.