SUBRAMANIAM, SHRI C., B.A., B.L., Congress, (Tamil Nadu—Palani—1977): s. of Shri Chidambara Gounder; b. at Pollachi, Coimbatore District; January 30, 1910; ed. at Presidency College, Madras and Law College Madras; Honorary Degrees of Doctorate conferred by (i) Andhra University, Waltair, (ii) Venkateswara University, Tirupathi and (iii) Madurai University, Madurai; m. Smt. Sakuntala Subrarmaniam, June 1945; 1 s. and 2 d.; Lawyer and Political Worker; took, active part in freedom struggle during student days, was imprisoned in 1932 and 1941; was detained during "Quit India Movement" in 1942; Ex-President, Coimbatore District Congress Committee and Member of Working Committee of State Congress Committee; President Tamil Nadu Congress Committee, 1967-68; Interim President, Congress, 1969, Member, Working Committee and Central Parliamentary Board of Congress; Chairman, (i) Committee on the Aeronautics Industry, Government of India, 1967—69, (ii) National Commission on Agriculture, 1970-71, (iii) U.N. Panel on Nutrition and submitted a strategy paper on a comprehensive scheme for international action to combat malnutrition; Member, (i) Governing Council of the International Wheat and Maize Improvement Centre, Mexico and (ii) Board of Governors of the International Rice Research Institute, Manila; Member (i) Constituent Assembly, 1946, (ii) Provisional Parliament till 1952, (iii) Madras Legislative Assembly, 1952—62, was Minister of Finance, Education and Law in Madras State Government 1952—62, (iv) Third Lok Sabha 1962—67, (iv) Fifth Lok Sabha, 1971—77; Minister for Steel, 1962-63, Steel, Mines and Heavy Engineering 1963-64, Food and Agriculture, 1964—66, Food, Agriculture, Community Development and Cooperation, 1966-67, Minister of Planning and Deputy Chairman Planning Commission, also, incharge of Department of Science and Technology, 1971-72, Minister of Industries and Science and Technology, 1972—74, Minister of Finance 1974—77, in the Union Cabinet.
Social activities: While Minister in Madras State was responsible For the introduction of free primary education and mid-day meals programme for poorer children in the State.
Publications: (1) Mana Valarchi, (2) Payan Tharum Kalvi, (3) Nan Sendra Sila Nadugal, (4) Dheseeya Orumaippadu, (5) Valarum Sakthi, (6) Sathanaykkuriya Sinthanaygal, (7) Thamizhal Mudiyum, (8) Ulagam Sutrinen (all in Tamil), (9) India of My Dream (English ), and (10) War on Poverty (English).
Travels aborad: All over the world.
Permanent address: ''River View", Kotturpuram Madras-85, Tamil Nadu.